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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.uksw.edu/handle/123456789/14267
Title: Pengetahuan Keluarga Terkait Faktor Penyebab Kekambuhan pada Penderita TB MDR di Rumah Sakit Paru dr. Ario Wirawan Salatiga
Authors: Anugerahni, Harni Seyla
Keywords: tuberculosis;multy drugs resistant;kekambuhan
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan FKIK-UKSW
Abstract: Latar belakang : Tuberculosis (TB) merupakan penyakit infeksi menular yang disebabkan oleh Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Berdasarkan data Profil Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah tahun 2015, insidensi TB paru di Salatiga menduduki peringkat ke 4. Pengobatan TB paru selama sekitar 8 bulan membuat penderita terkadang tidak mengkonsumsi obat secara teratur, sehingga timbul masalah baru yaitu resistensi terhadap obat anti Tuberculosis. Selama tahun 2011, kasus Multy Drugs Resistant (MDR) di Indonesia mencapai 260 kasus. Masih banyaknya keluarga yang hidup dengan penderita tuberculosis tidak mengetahui bahaya dari penyakit tersebut. Tujuan : Mengetahui bagaimana pengetahuan keluarga dari penderita TB MDR terkait faktor-faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi kekambuhan pada pasien TB MDR. Metode : Penelitian menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan studi kasus. Partisipan berjumlah 8 orang yang terbagi dalam 3 kelompok dan semua partisipan merupakan keluarga dari pasien yang pernah dirawat atau sedang berobat di Rumah Sakit Paru dr. Ario Wirawan, Salatiga. Data diperoleh melalui wawancara dan data dianalisis secara content analysis. Hasil: Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa kekambuhan penderita TB MDR menurut partisipan adalah akibat iklim buruk, nutrisi kurang, beban psikologis, putus berobat dan kelelahan. Kesimpulan : Pengetahuan keluarga terkait penyebab kekambuhan pada penderita TB MDR masih kurang.
Background : Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Based on data from the Health Profile of Central Java in 2015, incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in Salatiga ranks at 4th. The treatment occurs for about 6 – 8 months makes patient sometimes do not take the medicine regularly, which raised new problem that resistance to antituberculosis drugs During 2011, cases of Multy Drugs Resistant (MDR) in Indonesia reached 260 cases. Many families living with tuberculosis patient are unaware of the dangers of this disease. Purpose : The purpose of this study is to knowing about family knowledge of people with TB MDR about the factors that have affect to recurrence of TB MDR patients. Method : This study uses qualitative method with case study approach. Participants were 8 people divided into 3 groups and all participants were families of patients who had been treated or were being treated at Rumah Sakit Paru dr. Ario Wirawan. Data obtained through depth interviews with family or the closest people who directly involved the patient during treatment period. The data were analyzed by content analysis. Result : Based on the results of the research that the recurrence of patients with TB MDR according to participants are affect of climate, nutrition, psychological , drop out and fatigue. Conclusion : Family knowledge related to the cause of recurrence in patients with TB MDR is still lacking.
URI: http://repository.uksw.edu/handle/123456789/14267
Appears in Collections:T1 - Nursing Science

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