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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repository.uksw.edu/handle/123456789/14280
Title: Status Gizi, Kadar Hemoglobin, Ureum, dan Kreatinin Pasien Hemodialisa Sebelum dan Sesudah Melakukan Konseling Gizi di RSUD Ungaran, Jawa Tengah
Authors: Putri, Fransiska Mayasari Santoso
Keywords: hemodialisa;konseling gizi;perilaku makan;status gizi
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Program Studi Ilmu Gizi FKIK UKSW
Abstract: Pasien yang menjalani terapi hemodialisa harus mengetahui jenis makanan yang boleh dikonsumsi, yakni makanan yang mengandung protein hewani, rendah kalium, dan rendah garam. Peran ahli gizi sangat dibutuhkan, salah satunya adalah memberikan konseling gizi terkait pengaturan pola makan. Penelitian yang pernah dilakukan oleh peneliti sebelumnya adalah mengenai pola makan pasien hemodialisa dan berbagai faktor yang mempengaruhi kepatuhan dietnya, tetapi belum ada yang mengkaji tentang hubungan status gizi, kadar hemoglobin, ureum, dan kreatinin pasien hemodialisa sebelum dan sesudah melakukan konseling gizi yang turut memiliki hubungan dengan pola makan dan kepatuhan diet pasien hemodialisa. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan status gizi, kadar hemoglobin, ureum, dan kreatinin pasien hemodialisa sebelum dan sesudah melakukan konseling gizi di RSUD Ungaran. Penelitian menggunakan metode kuantitatif deskriptif dengan rancangan penelitian one group pretest posttest design melalui pendekatan cross sectional. Penelitian dilaksanakan di RSUD Ungaran dengan total sampling sebanyak 30 pasien hemodialisa di Unit Hemodialisa. Data primer diperoleh dari pengisian data diri responden dan FFQ, observasi, serta wawancara. Data sekunder dikutip dari catatan medik responden meliputi kadar hemoglobin, ureum, dan kreatinin. Data dianalisis menggunakan SPSS dengan uji Paired t Test. Hasil analisis menunjukkan nilai probabilitas ureum pria 0,016 < 0,05 dan ureum wanita – hemoglobin pria dan wanita – kreatinin pria dan wanita secara keseluruhan 0,000 < 0,05 yang berarti bahwa rata-rata kadar hemoglobin, ureum, dan kreatinin sebelum dan sesudah melaksanakan konseling gizi berbeda.
Patients who are undergoing hemodialysis therapy must know which foods that may be consumed including foods containing animal protein, low potassium, and low salt. The role of nutritionists is needed to provide nutritional counseling related to dietary adjustment. Studies that have been conducted by previous researchers are about diet from hemodialysis patients and the various factors that affect dietary compliance of patients, but no one has been studying the relation related to nutritional status, hemoglobin, ureum, and creatinine levels before and after doing a counseling that also has a relationship with diet and dietary compliance for hemodialysis patients. To analyze the relationship of nutritional status, hemoglobin, ureum, and creatinine levels of hemodialysis patients before and after doing nutritional counseling in RSUD Ungaran. The study used a descriptive quantitaive method with one group pretest posttest design with cross sectional approach. The research was conducted in Hemodialysis Unit of RSUD Ungaran with a total sampling of 30 hemodialysis patient. Primary data were obtained from respondent’s data entry and FFQ, observation, and interviews. Secondary data were obtained from respondent’s medical records include the level of hemoglobin, urea, and cretinine. Data were analyzed using SPSS programme with Paired t Test. The results of SPSS analysis showed that probability value from urea men 0,016 < 0,05 and urea women – hemoglobin men and women – creatinin men and women overall 0,000 < 0,05, which means that the average levels of those components before and after doing a nutritional counseling is different.
URI: http://repository.uksw.edu/handle/123456789/14280
Appears in Collections:T1 - Nutrition Science

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