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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repository.uksw.edu/handle/123456789/17608
Title: Studi Kasus Patologi Gigi: Karies pada Rangka Manusia Holosen Awal, Song Terus, Pacitan, Jawa Timur
Authors: Ina, Anita Tamu
Keywords: Australomelanesia;mt-DNA;haplogrup;penanda genetik;migrasi;Asia Tenggara
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Magister Biologi Program Pascasarjana UKSW
Abstract: Australomelanesia merupakan populasi manusia modern yang tersebar di Asia Tenggara. Kelompok ras yang bermigrasi dari Afrika ke wilayah Asia Tenggara ini dapat dibuktikan tidak hanya dengan penemuan fosil saja tetapi juga dari studi genetika. Penanda genetik yang digunakan adalah DNA mitokondria dan Y-kromosom dari beberapa kelompok populasi yaitu kelompok Orang Asli, suku Aeta dan Agta, dan Orang Papua. Ketiga kelompok populasi ini memiliki perbedaan asal-usul dan tingkat pergeseran genetik dari garis keturunan nenek moyang mereka yang beragam. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dari penanda genetik mtDNA dan Y-kromosom yang digunakan diperoleh kesamaan haplogrup orang Asia Tenggara pada umumnya adalah haplogrup M dan N. Penanda genetik ini digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi populasi ras Australomelanesid di suatu daerah dan melihat pola penyebarannya di Asia Tenggara.
Human remains found in Song Terus (Pacitan, East Java), known as ST1, presented an opportunity of in-depth study in reconstructing how human lived during Early Holocene period in the area. This article focuses on palaeopathological aspects by examining lesions of disease observable in bones and dentition of human remains found in archaeological context. The research done for this article focuses more on dental remains, as teeth are known to have durability and longevity as archaeological finds, and could also provide information on age-at-death, types of diet, and oral diseases which may occurred during a person’s life. Dental caries is one of the most common type of oral disease found in archaeological context. Results showed there were nine dentition on this individual (from a total of 27 identified dentition) suffered from caries in various degree of severity. Other types of oral disease noted during observation and analysis was periodontal disease. ST1 might have been suffering from sever caries due to lack of oral hygiene, as well as minimum dental treatment towards emerging oral disease. Nevertheless, these diseases did not seem to be directly caused by ST1’s dietary habit during lifetime.
Description: Tidak diijinkan karya tersebut diunggah ke dalam aplikasi Repositori Perpustakaan Universitas.
URI: http://repository.uksw.edu/handle/123456789/17608
Appears in Collections:T1 - Biology

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