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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repository.uksw.edu/handle/123456789/22329
Title: Hubungan Anak Wasting dengan Penyakit Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut di Kota Salatiga
Authors: Mebang, Ryska Stephani
Keywords: imunitas anak;ISPA;status gizi
Issue Date: 2021
Abstract: Penurunan berat badan anak secara drastis disebut wasting. Perubahan ini disebabkan kekurangan asupan gizi akut. Kekurangan zat gizi seperti protein, vitamin ataupun mineral dapat menyebabkan anak mengalami resiko penyakit infeksi, salah satunya yaitu Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut (ISPA). Kota Salatiga merupakan salah satu kota di Provinsi Jawa Tengah yang memiliki kasus ISPA yaitu sekitar 7,78% pada tahun 2018. Berdasarkan kasus tersebut, maka penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan anak wasting dengan penyakit ISPA di Salatiga. Metode penelitian kuantitatif dengan analisis yaitu univariat dan bivariat menggunakan uji korelasi Spearman Rho. Hasil penelitian di 4 Kecamatan Kota Salatiga diperoleh anak usia 36-59 sebanyak 36 anak yang mengalami wasting dan memiliki riwayat atau sedang mengalami ISPA. Varabel utama yakni anak wasting dan ISPA tidak memiliki hubungan yang signifikan p>0,050 dan variabel pendukung meliputi imunisasi BCG, status pemberian ASI eksklusif, status MPASI, pengetahuan orang tua, polusi udara, sanitasi lingkungan, dan personal hygiene menunjukan tidak ada hubungan antara anak wasting yang memiliki riwayat atau sedang mengalami ISPA p>0,050. Anak wasting yang memiliki riwayat atau sedang mengalami ISPA dapat terjadi karena kinerja dari sistem pertahanan tubuh melemah sehingga anak mudah mendapatkan penyakit infeksi, sementara anak yang memiliki riwayat atau sedang mengalami ISPA dapat meningkatkan risiko wasting karena permasalahan kesehatan tersebut dapat menyebabkan selera makan anak hilang dan terganggunya penyerapan gizi. Kesimpulan diperoleh anatara variabel utama berupa anak wasting dan ISPA dan variabel pendukung meliputi imunisasi BCG, status pemberian ASI eksklusif, status MPASI, pengetahuan orang tua, polusi udara, sanitasi lingkungan, dan personal hygiene tidak ditemukan hasil yang signifikan dan disarankan bagi orang tua anak dapat memperhatikan asupan makan, kebersihan, kesehatan anak, serta rutin mengikuti kegiatan posyandu. Rekomendasi selanjutnya agar penelitian ini dapat dikembangkan baik dari sisi rancangan metode dan jumlah sampel yang lebih banyak, serta faktor pendukung lainnya yang dapat mempengaruhi anak mengalami wasting dan ISPA.
The acute weight loss of children is wasting. The change is caused by insufficient of nutrient intake. Deficiency of nutrition such as protein vitamins and minerals, are initiate the risk of infectious disease like Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI). Salatiga is one of the city in Jawa Tengah with 7.78% cases of ARI in 2018. Based on the cases, therefore this research purposed to find the relationship between wasting children with Infectious Disease in Salatiga. The Quantitative research method with univariate and bivariate analysis using Spearman Rho correlation test. The results of the study in 4 sub-districts of Salatiga City obtained 36 children aged 36-59 who had wasting and had a history or were experiencing ARI. The main variables are wasting children and ARI did not have a significant relationship p> 0.050 and supporting variables included BCG immunization, exclusive breastfeeding status, complementary feeding status, parental knowledge, air pollution, environmental sanitation, and personal hygiene showed no relationship between wasting children who had a history of or were experiencing ARI p> 0.050. Wasting children who have a history of or are experiencing ARI can occur because the performance of the body's defense system is weakened so that children are easy to get infectious diseases, meanwhile, children who have a history of or are currently experiencing ARI can increase the risk of wasting because these health problems can cause the child's appetite to be lost and nutrient absorption to be disrupted. The conclusion was obtained between the main are wasting children and ARI and supporting variables included BCG immunization, exclusive breastfeeding status, complementary feeding status, parental knowledge, air pollution, environmental sanitation, and personal hygiene, no significant results were found and it is recommended for parents of children to pay attention to food intake, hygiene, children’s health and regulary participate in posyandu activities. The next recommendation is that this research can be developed both in terms of method design and a larger number of samples, as well as other supporting factors that can affect children experiencing wasting and ARI.
URI: https://repository.uksw.edu/handle/123456789/22329
Appears in Collections:T1 - Nutrition Science

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