Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repository.uksw.edu//handle/123456789/23806
Title: Kepatuhan Pengobatan Allopurinol pada Penderita Asam Urat pada Masyarakat Dayak Bakati
Authors: Fiyera, Iren
Keywords: pengobatan asam urat;kepatuhan minum obat;gout arthritis
Issue Date: 21-Feb-2022
Abstract: Hiperurisemia adalah penyakit kelainan metabolisme yang ditandai oleh produksi asam urat berlebihan. Nilai normal asam urat adalah 0,18–0,42 mmol/L (3,0–7,0 mg/dL) pada laki-laki dan 0,13–0,34 mmol/L (2,2– 5,7 mg/dL) pada perempuan. Penumpukan kristal/purin dalam sendi berujung pada gout arthritis. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui tingkat kepatuhan pengobatan allopurinol penderita asam urat dari masyarakat suku Dayak Bakati di Puskesmas Lumar Kabupaten Bengkayang. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Puskesmas Lumar, Kabupaten Bengkayang, Provinsi Kalimantan Barat pada bulan Januari hingga April 2021. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 41 responden penderita asam urat. Kadar asam urat diukur menggunakan alat autocheck pada pembuluh darah kapiler, kepatuhan minum obat Allopurinol diukur menggunakan kuesioner MMAS-8 (Modifed Morisky Adherence Scale-8) dan kebiasaan makan diuur menggunakan kuesioner SQ-FFQ. Analisa data dilakukan secara deskriptif berdasarkan data yang diperoleh meliputi karakteristik responden, kadar asam urat, kepatuhan minum obat allopurinol, dan kebiasaan makan. Pada penelitian ini responden juga menyatakan bahwa jika kondisi mulai membaik responden mememilih untuk tidak mengkonsumsi obat allopurinol karena dengan alasan malas, merasa kondisi tubuh sudah dalam keadaan baik-baik saja tanpa obat dan takut ada efek samping. Peningkatan kadar asam urat pada responden tidak disebabkan karena tingkat kepatuhan minum obat allopurinol, tetapi dilihat dari kebiasaan makan yang tetap tinggi protein seperti kacang-kacangan, daging, ungas, dan ikan. Perlu dilakukan kajian lebih lanjut dan lebih luas mengenai hal ini dan perlu penambahan variabel lain seperti gaya hidup yang dapat mempengaruhi kejadian asam urat sehingga memperoleh hasil yang lebih berfariasi
Hyperuricemia is a metabolic disorder disease characterized by excessive uric acid production. The normal value of uric acid is 0.18–0.42 mmol/L (3.0–7.0 mg/dL) in men and 0.13–0.34 mmol/L (2.2–5.7 mg/dL) in women. Accumulation of crystals/purines in joints leads to gouty arthritis. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of adherence to allopurinol treatment of gout sufferers from the Dayak Bakati community at the Lumar Health Center, Bengkayang Regency. This research was conducted at the Lumar Health Center, Bengkayang Regency, West Kalimantan Province from January to April 2021. The research sample consisted of 41 respondents with gout. Uric acid levels were measured using an autocheck on capillaries, adherence to medication Allopurinol was measured using the MMAS-8 (Modifed Morisky Adherence Scale-8) questionnaire and eating habits were measured using the SQ-FFQ questionnaire. Data analysis was carried out descriptively based on the data obtained including the characteristics of the respondents, uric acid levels, adherence to taking allopurinol medication, and eating habits. In this study, respondents also stated that if their condition began to improve, respondents chose not to take allopurinol because they felt lazy, felt that their body was in good condition without drugs and was afraid of side effects. The increase in uric acid levels in respondents was not caused by the level of adherence to taking allopurinol medication, but was seen from eating habits that remained high in protein such as nuts, meat, poultry, and fish. It is necessary to conduct further and broader studies on this matter and it is necessary to add other variables such as lifestyle that can affect the incidence of gout so as to obtain more varied results.
URI: https://repository.uksw.edu/handle/123456789/23806
Appears in Collections:T1 - Physical, Health, and Recreation Education



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