Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repository.uksw.edu//handle/123456789/25880
Title: Hubungan Self Care Activities terhadap Kadar Glukosa Darah Puasa Pasien Diabetes Mellitus (DM) Tipe II di RSUD Kelet Provinsi Jawa Tengah
Authors: Naranti, Hana Febi
Keywords: DM tipe II;DSMQ;GDP;self-care
Issue Date: 18-Jul-2022
Abstract: Latar belakang: Diabetes mellitus merupakan penyakit kronis yang membutuhkan perawatan seumur hidup untuk menjaga kualitas hidup pasien. Perawatan yang dapat dilakukan oleh pasien DM tipe II adalah self care dengan tujuan kontrol gula darah. Tujuan: Mendeskripsikan hubungan antara self-care activities terhadap kadar glukosa darah puasa pada pasien DM tipe II di RSUD Kelet Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional yang dilakukan di RSUD Kelet Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik purposive sampling dan didapatkan jumlah sampel penelitian 120 responden yang didasarkan pada kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan kuesioner DSMQ (Diabetes Self-Management Questionnaire) dan pengukuran glukosa darah puasa. Analisis data dilakukan dengan analisis univariat dan bivariat yang kemudian dianalisis menggunakan uji Spearman-Rank. Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 88.3% responden memiliki self care activities cukup dengan 96.6% responden memiliki hasil GDP >100 mg/dL. Selain itu, semua komponen self care activities berada dalam kategori cukup dengan rincian monitor gula darah 85%, pengaturan pola makan 74.2%, aktivitas fisik 64.2%, pengobatan 89.2%. Hasil uji Spearman-Rank menunjukkan adanya hubungan antara self care activities terhadap glukosa darah puasa dengan nilai p=0.036. Komponen self care yang berhubungan dengan glukosa darah puasa adalah pengaturan pola makan (nilai p=0.028) dan aktivitas fisik (nilai p=0.036). Kesimpulan: Terdapat hubungan antara self-care activities terhadap kadar glukosa darah puasa pada pasien DM tipe II di RSUD Kelet Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Komponen self care yang berhubungan dengan GDP adalah pengaturan pola makan dan aktivitas fisik.
Background: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that requires a lifelong treatment to maintain the quality of life of the patient. Treatment that can be done by Type II DM patients is self care for the aim of blood sugar control. Research Purposes: Describe the relationship between self-care activities and fasting blood glucose levels in Type II DM patients at Kelet Regional Hospital, Central Java Province. Method: This research uses an analytic descriptive method with a cross sectional approach at Kelet Regional Hospital, Central Java Province. Sampling techniques using purposive sampling techniques and obtained the number of research samples 120 respondents based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. The research instrument uses the DSMQ (Diabetes Self-Management Questionnaire) questionnaire and the measurement of fasting blood glucose. Data analysis was carried out by univariate and bivariate analysis which was then analyzed using the Spearman-Rank test. Results: The results showed that 88.3% of respondents had enough self care activities with 96.6% of respondents had GDP results > 100 mg/dl. In addition, all components of self care activities are in a sufficient category with 85%blood sugar monitor details, eating patterns 74.2%, physical activity 64.2%, treatment 89.2%. The Spearman-Rank test results showed the relationship between self care activities and fasting blood glucose with the value of P=0.036. The self care component associated with fasting blood glucose is the regulation of diet (P=0.028) and physical activity (P=0.036). Conclusion: There is a relationship between self-care activities and fasting blood glucose levels in type II DM patients at Kelet Hospital, Central Java Province. The self care component associated with GDP is the arrangement of diet and physical activity.
URI: https://repository.uksw.edu/handle/123456789/25880
Appears in Collections:T1 - Nursing

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