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Title: Karakterisasi Fisika dan Komposisi Kimia Minyak Atsiri Daun dan Buah Sikat Botol Merah (Callistemon citrinus (Curtis) Skeel)
Other Titles: Physics Characterization and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Leaves and Fruits of Red Bottle Brush (Callistemon citrinus (Curtis) Skeel)
Authors: Novianti, Dwi
Keywords: Callistemon citrinus (Curtis) Skeel;GC-MS;karakterisasi fisika
Issue Date: 2020
Abstract: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakterisasi fisika dan menentukan komponen senyawa dari minyak atsiri daun dan buah sikat botol merah (C. citrinus) (Callistemon citrinus (Curtis) Skeel. Minyak atsiri diperoleh dengan cara destilasi uap dianalisis menggunakan Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). Hasil analisis GC-MS menunjukkan bahwa minyak atsiri daun sikat botol merah (C. citrinus) mengandung 18 senyawa kimia dengan komponen utama Cineole (63,04%), 3-Carene (16,29%), α- Terpineol (4,33%), α-Phellandrene (4,15%), β-Pinene (2,39%), Ɣ-Terpinen (1,80%), 1 - Terpinen-4-ol (1,60%), Linalool (1,34%), dan 2,5 Furandione,3-dodecyl- (1,09%). Sedangkan minyak atsiri buah sikat botol merah (C. citrinus) mengandung 6 senyawa kimia dengan komponen utama α-pinene (50,31%), cineole (35,29%), bornylene (5,74%), dan benzene, 1 - methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)-(CAS) (5,38%), α -Phellandrene l (1,84%); dan β-Pinene (1,44%)
This study aims to find out the physics characterization and determine the compound components of essential oils from leaves and fruit of red bottle brush (Callistemon citrinus (Curtis) Skeel). Essential oils obtained by steam distillation were analyzed using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) The results of GC-MS analysis showed that the essential oil of red bottle brush leaves contained 18 chemical compounds with the main components cineol (63.04%) and 3-carene (16.29%). While the essential oil of red bottle brush fruit contains 6 chemical compounds with main components α-pinene (50.31%), cineole (35.29%), bornylene (5.74%), and benzene, 1-methyl-4- ( 1-methylethyl) - (cas) (5.38%).
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