Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repository.uksw.edu//handle/123456789/27601
Title: Pengaruh Pengetahuan, Sikap dan Kecemasan Ibu Hamil Terhadap Vaksinasi COVID-19
Other Titles: The Effect of Pregnant Women's Knowledge, Attitude dan Anxiety On The Acceptance of Covid-19 Vaccination
Authors: Da Costa Marques, Isaias
Keywords: Tingkat Pengetahuan;Sikap;Kecemasan;Vaksinasi COVID-19;Ibu Hamil
Issue Date: 29-Nov-2022
Abstract: Latar Belakang: Ibu hamil diketahui memiliki resiko yang jauh lebih tinggi untuk mengalami komplikasi parah terkait COVID-19. Vaksinasi COVID-19 diberikan sebagai upaya pencegahan penularan dan meningkatkan daya tahan tubuh. Walaupun vaksinasi sudah melalui uji labotatorium tetapi masih banyak Ibu hamil yang menunjukan kecemasan dan sikap negatif terhadap vaksinasi akibat pengetahuan yang rendah dan kepercayaan terhadap media yang menyebar. Tujuan: Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pengetahuan, sikap dan kecemasan ibu hamil terhadap penerimaan vaksinasi COVID-19. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan jenis penelitian korelasional. Pengambilan data dilakukan menggunakan kuesioner pada total sampel sebanyak 40 ibu hamil yang dipilih menggunakan teknik accidental sampling. Pengolahan data univariat mengunakan Excel, dan multivariat menggunakan uji statistik regresi linear berganda. Hasil: Tingkat pengetahuan sebesar 90% dengan pengetahuan cukup, 7,5% pengetahuan rendah dan 2,5% pengetahuan tinggi. Sikap bersedia menerima vaksin sebesar 80%, dan tingkat kecemasan sebesar 77,5% kecemasan berat sedangkan 22,5% lainnya mengalami kecemasan sedang. Uji korelasi linear berganda menunjukkan pengetahuan dan sikap berpengaruh positif terhadap penerimaan vaksinasi COVID-19 dengan nilai signifikansi berturut-turut sebesar 0,049 dan 0,000 yang mana lebih besar dari p-value 0,05. Demikian juga dengan nilai t hitung yang lebih besar dari nilai t tabel dengan nilai berturut-turut untuk pengetahuan dan sikap adalah 2,037 > 2,030 dan 5,071 > 2,030. Sementara itu, ditemukan bahwa kecemasan tidak berpengaruh terhadap penerimaan vaksinasi COVID-19 dengan nilai signifikansi 0,526 serta t hitung sebesar 0,640. Selain itu, diperoleh nilai konstanta sebesar 0,615 yang berarti terdapat pengaruh positif dari ketiga variabel independen terhadap variabel dependen. Kesimpulan: Dapat disimpulkan bahwa pengetahuan dan sikap ibu hamil berpengaruh terhadap penerimaan vaksin, tetapi kecemasan yang ibu hamil rasakan tidak terdapat pengaruh. Namun ketika ketiga variabel digabungkan, maka setiap peningkatan pengetahuan, sikap dan kecemasan maka akan meningkatkan penerimaan vaksinasi COVID-19 pada ibu hamil.
Background: Pregnant women are known to have a much higher risk of experiencing severe complications related to COVID-19. COVID-19 vaccination is given as an effort to prevent transmission and increase immunity. Even though vaccination has gone through laboratory tests, there are still many pregnant women who show anxiety and negative attitudes towards vaccination due to low knowledge and trust in the media that is spread. Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the effect of knowledge, attitudes and anxiety of pregnant women on receiving COVID-19 vaccination. Method: This study uses a quantitative method with a correlational research type. Data collection was carried out using a questionnaire on a total sample of 40 pregnant women selected using accidental sampling technique. Univariate data processing using Excel, and multivariate statistical tests using multiple linear regression. Results: The level of knowledge is 90% with sufficient knowledge, 7.5% low knowledge and 2.5% high knowledge. The attitude of being willing to accept the vaccine was 80%, and the anxiety level was 77.5% with severe anxiety while the other 22.5% experienced moderate anxiety. Multiple linear correlation tests show that knowledge and attitudes have a positive effect on acceptance of COVID-19 vaccination with a significance value of 0.049 and 0.000, which is greater than the p-value of 0.05. Likewise with the calculated t value which is greater than the t table value with successive values for knowledge and attitudes are 2.037 > 2.030 and 5.071 > 2.030. Meanwhile, it was found that anxiety had no effect on receiving COVID-19 vaccination with a significance value of 0.526 and a t count of 0.640. In addition, a constant value of 0.615 is obtained, which means that there is a positive influence from the three independent variables on the dependent variable. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the knowledge and attitudes of pregnant women affect vaccine acceptance, but the anxiety that pregnant women feel has no effect. However, when the three variables are combined, any increase in knowledge, attitude and anxiety will increase acceptance of COVID-19 vaccination in pregnant women.
URI: https://repository.uksw.edu//handle/123456789/27601
Appears in Collections:T1 - Nursing

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Isi lampiran kuesioner dan cek plagiarisme404.25 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


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